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Bio diesel Warranties



At the NAMPO exhibition in South Africa from 16 to 19 May 2006 John Deere ran a tractor on 100% biodiesel supplied by Shaval BioDiesel for the duration of the show.

Countries:

Bio diesel standards vary slightly from country to country. In many cases, these differences are not related to the qualities of the bio diesel itself, but rather pertain to additives that assist the fuel to operate in colder temperatures.

Manufacturers:

Vehicle manufacturers usually use the EN14214 or ASTM standard as the benchmark fuel standard, in order to maintain warranties on injector systems.

In most cases, the manufacturer gives users an option of the ASTM or EN14214 standards of bio diesel, because most vehicles originate in Europe and America. In Asia, which also has several vehicle manufacturers, these standards have also been widely adopted as the benchmark for use in their motors.

What is important to realise, is that it is up to the vehicle manufacturer to decide which standards are applicable their vehicle models. Usually this information can be found on the manufacturer’s website, but a useful collection covering numerous vehicles has been assembled on www.rixbiodiesel.co.uk.

Below are some standards from various countries. Unfortunately Shaval Bio Diesel cannot publish the South African standard, as the South African Bureau of Standards copyrights it, and only allows it be viewed for a charge.

The important point though, is to see which bio diesel standards apply to your specific vehicle. Since no vehicles originate in South Africa, the SABS-1935 only becomes relevant if you intend to sell your bio diesel.

There are no laws against producing your own bio diesel for your own use in South Africa. On the contrary, the South African government wishes to encourage its use as every litre of bio diesel produced locally, lessens its annual import bill for fossil oil.

 

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Bio Diesel Standards


 

AUSTRIA

CZECH REPUBLIC

FRANCE

GERMANY

ITALY

SWEDEN

USA

EUROPE

Specification

ON C1191

CSN 65 6507

Journal Officiel

DIN V 51606

UNI 10635

SS 155436

ASTM 6751-02

EN 14214:2005

Applies to

FAME

RME

VOME

FAME

VOME

VOME

FAMAE

FAME

Density 15°C

g/cm³

0.85-0.89

0.87-0.89

0.87-0.90

0.875-0.90

0.86-0.90

0.87-0.90

0.87-0.89

0.86-0.90

Viscosity 40°C

mm²/s

3.5-5.0

3.5-5.0

3.5-5.0

3.5-5.0

3.5-5.0

3.5-5.0

1.9-6.0

3.5-5.0

Distillation

% @ °C

 

 

95%,360°C

 

95%,360°C

 

90%,360°C

 

Flashpoint

°C

100 min

110 min

100 min

110 min

100 min

100 min

100 min

120 min

CFPP

°C

summer 0 winter -15

-5

 

summer 0 spr/aut -10 winter -20

 

-5

 

* country specific

Pourpoint

°C

 

 

-10 max

 

sum 0 max win-15 max

 

 

 

Sulphur

%mass

0.02 max

0.02 max

 

0.01 max

0.01 max

0.001 max

0.0015 max

10 max

CCR 100%

%mass

0.05 max

0.05 max

 

0.05 max

 

 

0.05 max

 

Ramsbottom 10% dist resid

%mass

 

 

0.3 max

0.3 max

0.5 max

 

0.1 max

0.3 max

Sulphated ash

%mass

0.02 max

0.02 max

 

0.03 max

 

 

0.02 max

0.02 max

Oxid ash

%mass

 

 

 

 

0.01 max

0.01 max

 

 

Water

mg/kg

 

500 max

200 max

300 max

700 max

300 max

500 max

500 max

Total contamination

mg/kg

 

24 max

 

20 max

 

20 max

 

24 max

Cu corrosion max

3h/50°C

 

1

 

1

 

 

3

1

Oxidation stability

hrs;110°C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 hours min

Cetane No.

 

49 min

48 min

49 min

49 min

 

48 min

45 min

51 min

Acid value

mgKOH /g

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.5 max

Neutral No.

mgKOH /g

0.8 max

0.5 max

0.5 max

0.5 max

0.5 max

0.6 max

0.8 max

 

Methanol

%mass

0.20 max

 

0.1 max

0.3 max

0.2 max

0.2 max

 

0.20 max

Ester content

%mass

 

 

96.5 min

 

98 min

98 min

 

96.5 min

Monoglyceride

%mass

 

 

0.8 max

0.8 max

0.8 max

0.8 max

 

0.8 max

Diglyceride

%mass

 

 

0.2 max

0.4 max

0.2 max

0.1 max

 

0.2 max

Triglyceride

%mass

 

 

0.2 max

0.4 max

0.1 max

0.1 max

 

0.2 max

Free glycerol

%mass

0.02 max

0.02 max

0.02 max

0.02 max

0.05 max

0.02 max

0.02 max

0.02 max

Total glycerol

%mass

0.24 max

0.24 max

0.25 max

0.25 max

 

 

0.24 max

0.25 max

Iodine No.

 

120 max

 

115 max

115 max

 

125 max

 

120 max

Phosphorus

mg/kg

20 max

20 max

10 max

10 max

10 max

10 max

10 max

10 max

Alkalinity

mg/kg

 

10 max

5 max

5 max

 

10 max

 

 

 

 

AUSTRIA

CZECH REPUBLIC

FRANCE

GERMANY

ITALY

SWEDEN

USA

EUROPE



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